- Home /

# How do I seed the random number generator myself and still get pseudorandom values?

How do I change the `Random.seed`

myself relative to other variables to still get pseudorandom output?

Consider the following C# code:

```
float RandomFromXAndY(int x, int y) {
Random.seed = x * y; //Repeating, not pseudorandom.
return Random.value;
}
```

The problem is there are multiple combinations of x and y that can yield their same product (e.g., 3 * 6 or 6 * 3 both equal 18). So the result may yield the same, even when different combinations of x and y values are used. When generating x and y linearly, it becomes possible to mathematically predict the repetition.

How do I generate a random seed that is more "random", or pseudorandom from x and y?

yes you could also use the square root of both numbers.

**Answer** by whydoidoit
·
Jun 22, 2012 at 09:23 PM

You add them together and multiply both by different prime numbers.

This suggestion will effectively prevent visible repetition patterns/mirroring effects between x and y.

If you want to guarantee that there are *no* duplicate seeds whatsoever, at least one of your primes needs to be larger than your possible maximum value of x and y.

Isn't the seed updated each time you use Random.XXX ? Calling Random.value twice doesn't get you the same thing. That doesn't each result unique though, using prime numbers is the way to go.

Hm, I haven't tried with Unity, but I thought the idea of a seed was that consecutive calls to Random.value produce the same series of random numbers for the same seed?

Yeah that's what happens when I do it - I choose a seed then it repeats the same sequence, each step being pseudorandom. If you want to always get a random number between 0 and 1 (or whatever) and you want to make sure it is the same number given a set of standard inputs - it looks like prime numbers are the way to go.

**Answer** by ceptri
·
Apr 30, 2013 at 11:46 PM

You just need to be careful about trusting the random to be the same. If some other system calls random in the middle of this function, the same seed won't produce the same set of numbers since Random is global.

In reality, this system should be refactored so you make your own stream object, then you can control who is called it and insure that the stream of random number is always the same.

### Your answer

### Welcome to Unity Answers

The best place to ask and answer questions about development with Unity.

To help users navigate the site we have posted a site navigation guide.

If you are a new user to Unity Answers, check out our FAQ for more information.

Make sure to check out our Knowledge Base for commonly asked Unity questions.

If you are a moderator, see our Moderator Guidelines page.

We are making improvements to UA, see the list of changes.